Max Your Solar Save With Solar Incentive Programs

Solar Incentives by State:
A Comprehensive Overview

What is Solar Incentive?

Solar incentives act as catalysts to promote the adoption of solar power by making it more affordable and accessible for homeowners, businesses, and organizations. These incentives are designed to alleviate the initial costs of installing solar energy systems and provide ongoing financial benefits to the system owners. By offering financial incentives, governments, utilities, and organizations aim to accelerate the transition to renewable energy and reduce greenhouse gas emissions.


What Are The Current US Solar Incentives?

Solar energy has emerged as a viable and sustainable solution to meet our increasing energy demands while reducing our carbon footprint. To encourage the adoption of solar energy systems, governments and utility companies provide various incentives that make going solar more financially attractive. In this article, we will delve into the different types of solar incentives available and how they can benefit homeowners.

Federal Tax Credit

One of the most impactful solar incentives is the Federal Tax Credit. Under this program, the federal government offers a tax credit equivalent to 26% of the total cost of installing a solar energy system. This means that if you invest in a solar panel installation with a total cost of $20,000, you can claim a tax credit of $5,200. It’s important to note that this tax credit is available until the end of 2023, providing a limited window of opportunity to take advantage of this significant financial benefit.

Learn more about the Solar Tax Credit, including FAQs.

Net Metering

Net metering is a program that enables homeowners to sell excess solar energy back to the utility company. When your solar panels generate more electricity than you consume, the surplus power is fed back into the grid. In return, you receive credits on your energy bill, effectively offsetting the cost of your energy consumption. In some cases, if your solar system generates more electricity than you use, you can even earn money for the excess energy you produce. Net metering not only helps you save money but also allows you to contribute to a greener future.

Learn more about the Net Metering including FAQs.

Solar Renewable Energy Credits (SRECs)

Solar Renewable Energy Credits (SRECs) provide an opportunity for homeowners to earn additional income by producing solar energy. When you install a solar system and generate a certain amount of solar energy, you can earn SRECs. These credits can be sold to utility companies or other entities that need to fulfill renewable energy goals. By selling SRECs, homeowners can receive financial compensation for their contribution to the renewable energy market, further enhancing the economic benefits of going solar.

Learn more about the SREC including FAQs.


Many utility companies offer rebates as an additional incentive for installing solar energy systems. These rebates can range from a few hundred to several thousand dollars, depending on your location and the size of your solar installation. Rebates directly reduce the upfront cost of going solar, making the investment more affordable and appealing to homeowners. It’s worthwhile to explore the rebates provided by your local utility companies and take advantage of these financial incentives.

Modified Accelerated Cost Recovery System (MACRS)

MACRS is a federal tax depreciation program that enables homeowners to recover the cost of their solar energy system over a specific period. This allows homeowners to depreciate the value of their solar panels, resulting in significant tax savings.

Property Assessed Clean Energy (PACE) Financing

PACE financing allows homeowners to finance their solar installation costs through a special property tax assessment. This type of financing offers flexible repayment terms and enables homeowners to pay off the solar system over an extended period, typically up to 20 years.

Solar Leasing and Power Purchase Agreements (PPAs)

For homeowners who don’t want to incur the upfront costs of installing solar panels, solar leasing and power purchase agreements (PPAs) can be attractive options. In a solar lease, homeowners pay a fixed monthly amount to lease the solar panels and benefit from the electricity they produce. PPAs, on the other hand, involve homeowners purchasing the solar electricity generated at a predetermined rate, often lower than the utility’s retail rate.

Community Solar Programs

Community solar programs allow homeowners who may not have suitable roof space for solar panels to participate in solar energy projects. These programs typically involve a shared solar installation located off-site, and homeowners can subscribe to receive a portion of the energy generated. This enables homeowners to enjoy the benefits of solar energy without the need for individual installations.

State-Level Solar Incentives

Apart from federal incentives, many states have implemented their own solar incentive programs to further encourage renewable energy adoption. These state-level incentives can vary widely, so it’s essential for homeowners to research the programs available in their specific state. Some common state-level solar incentives include:

State Tax Credits

Many states offer tax credits to homeowners who install solar panels. These credits provide a direct reduction in state income taxes, helping homeowners offset a portion of their solar installation costs.

Rebates and Grants

Certain states provide cash rebates or grants to homeowners who go solar. These financial incentives can significantly lower the upfront cost of installing solar panels and shorten the payback period.

Performance-Based Incentives

Performance-based incentives, such as feed-in tariffs and production-based incentives, reward homeowners for the energy their solar panels generate. These programs typically pay homeowners a fixed rate for each kilowatt-hour of electricity produced, offering a steady income stream over a specific period.

Average Saving Through Solar
Per Year By States


Who Can Be Benifit From Incentive for Solar Panel?

Solar incentives are typically available to a wide range of customers, including residential, commercial, and nonprofit entities. While eligibility criteria vary by incentive type and location, the following entities often qualify for solar incentives:


If you own a residential property, you may be eligible for solar incentives. Factors such as the location, size of the solar system, and local regulations can influence eligibility.

Businesses and Corporations:

Commercial entities, including small businesses, large corporations, and industrial facilities, can take advantage of solar incentives to reduce operational costs and demonstrate their commitment to sustainability.

Agricultural Entities:

Farms and agricultural businesses can benefit from solar incentives, offsetting the energy-intensive operations associated with irrigation, refrigeration, and other agricultural processes.

Considerations for Homeowners

Before diving into solar incentives, homeowners need to consider several factors to ensure they make an informed decision:

Eligibility Requirements

Each solar incentive program has specific eligibility criteria that homeowners must meet. These criteria can include factors such as system size, equipment requirements, and local regulations. It’s crucial for homeowners to understand the eligibility requirements of the programs they plan to utilize.

Financial Implications

While solar incentives can significantly reduce the upfront costs of installation, homeowners should carefully evaluate the long-term financial implications. Factors such as payback period, return on investment, and ongoing maintenance costs should be considered to ensure homeowners make a financially sound decision.

Contractual Obligations

Some solar incentive programs may require homeowners to enter into contracts or agreements with specific terms and conditions. Homeowners should thoroughly review and understand these contractual obligations before committing to any program.

Tips for Maximizing Solar Incentives

To maximize the benefits of solar incentives, homeowners can follow these tips:

  1. Research: Thoroughly research federal and state-level solar incentives available in your area.
  2. Consult Professionals: Seek advice from solar installers, tax professionals, and financial advisors to understand the potential savings and implications.
  3. Compare Quotes: Obtain multiple quotes from reputable solar installation companies to ensure competitive pricing.
  4. Plan Ahead: Due to the decreasing federal tax credit, it’s advisable to install solar panels sooner to take full advantage of the incentives.
  5. Monitor Changing Policies: Stay updated with changes in solar incentive policies and regulations to make informed decisions.

Frequently Asked Questions

Most frequent questions and answers

The Solar Investment Tax Credit (ITC) is a federal incentive that allows homeowners to deduct a percentage of the cost of their solar energy system from their federal taxes.

To claim state-level solar incentives, homeowners typically need to follow specific application procedures outlined by their state’s relevant agencies. It’s advisable to consult official websites or contact local authorities for accurate and up-to-date information.

Yes, community solar programs allow homeowners without suitable roof space to participate in solar energy projects by subscribing to a portion of the energy generated by off-site solar installations.

Yes, many solar incentives extend to businesses, including federal tax credits and state-level programs. Business owners should explore the incentives specific to their region and consult with professionals to understand the eligibility criteria and benefits.

Yes, you can deduct the cost of solar panels on your taxes through the Solar Investment Tax Credit (ITC). The ITC is a federal incentive that allows homeowners to claim a percentage of the total cost of their solar energy system as a tax credit. As of 2021, the ITC provides a 26% tax credit for residential solar installations.

To claim the ITC, you will need to file IRS Form 5695 along with your federal tax return. The credit can be used to offset any federal taxes owed, and if the credit exceeds your tax liability, you can carry the remaining amount forward to future tax years.

It’s important to note that the percentage of the ITC will gradually decrease over time, so it’s advisable to install solar panels sooner rather than later to take full advantage of the available credit. Additionally, consult with a tax professional or refer to the IRS guidelines to ensure you meet all the eligibility requirements and accurately claim the tax credit.